Emma Smith

About Emma Smith

Emma Smith is a fourth year undergraduate student at UBCO with a Psychology major and Computer Science minor. She is interested in new methods to share academic research with the wider public and data visualization. She has a lot of personal experience with screen time and often shares digital creations and funny posts with family and friends.


Early childhood is a key developmental stage. As such, it is important to know and understand factors that promote (or harm) normal, healthy development. Although several studies have shown that higher screen time in children is related to poorer developmental outcomes, there is little evidence demonstrating the direction of that relationship. In other words, it is unclear whether: (a) screen time causes developmental delays, (b) developmental delays cause screen time, (c) some other external factor causes both developmental delays and screen time, or (d) all of the above. A recent study found evidence for a directional relationship between screen time and developmental delays. How did the authors come to this conclusion?

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In April 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) released guidelines on physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep for children under 5 years of age, which provide recommendations for daily time spent in each of these areas.

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